As we were Breeding Bichon Frisee dogs for 30 years, after they passed breeding age. We would have the Neutered or Spayed and then we found them a good Loving Home. If it is a young dog we always waited until before they came into heat for the first time. On the Little males we would wait until they were 6 – 9 Months of Age
IntroUnderstanding your Bichon Puppy
Bichon is French for a lapdog, and the Bichon Frise has long been the darling of fashionable ladies at least since the fourteenth century when it was first introduced to Europe from the Canary Islands. It is equally popular today, particularly in the UK, France, Italy and, throughout North America. The Bichon Frise is a member of the non-sporting group of dog breeds and a member of the toy dog group. The life span is about 12-15 years. The Bichon Frise is great fun to have around the home, being full of character and life, but it does need a fair amount of attention. The coat must be groomed every day with a stiff brush and the dog given a bath once a month.
To Understand your Bichon Frise Reproductive System.
First I will explain the genital apparatus of male and female Bichon Frises in briefly. I think it may help you to develop your comprehensibility.
The important structures of the male reproductive system are testicles, epididymis, ductus deferens, accessory sex glands, and penis. Testicles are globular in shape. Descents of the testicles into their normal place, the scrotum, occur between the second and the third week after birth. The epididymis is attached to the dorsolateral border of the testicle. The ductus deference begins as a flexuous duct along the epididymal border of the testicle and medial to the epididymis (In a caudocranial direction because of the position of the testicle.) Sperm production and storage occurs within the testicles. Ductus deference carries sperm from the testis to the urethra. Accessory sex glands add additional fluids to nourish the sperm. Sperm are carried out from the body through the penis.
Female genitalia consists of two ovaries, two uterine tubes, uterus, cervix, and vagina. Ovaries are the site of production of the unfertilized eggs and also the production of many hormones responsible for heat cycles and the maintenance of pregnancy. Eggs are passed from the ovaries into the left and right uterine tubes. Fertilization takes place in the uterine tubes. After fertilization occurs, embryo development will start. The developing embryos mature within the uterus, attached to its walls by the placenta.
Neutering for the Boys
Neutering is the removal of an animal’s reproductive organs. Neutering in male is called castration, the female is called spaying. Often the term neuter is used to specifically castration.
Castration – The Dog will not be able to have Pups
Surgically removal of testicles.
Castration commonly is performed for elective sterilization. Other indications include the treatment of testicular neoplasia, orchitis, testicular torsion or cryptorchidism. There are two types of castration techniques.
1. Open technique-Incision into the parietal vaginal tunic and ligation of the spermatic cord.
2. Closed technique-Intact vaginal tunic and spermatic cord are ligated together.
Postoperative swelling of the scrotum with edema fluids and blood is common after castration. Severe postoperative swelling can be treated with the application of hot packs, confinement of the patient and a short course of antibiotics. Scrotal swelling can be minimized by a traumatic surgical technique and adequate hemostasis. The subcutaneous suture layer should include the median raphe of the scrotum to reduce dead space. Scrotal ablation should be considered for dogs with a pendulous scrotum.
Dogs frequently lick the incision after surgery. So they can traumatize the area, resulting in a red, inflamed, swollen incision area and premature suture removal. Treatment with hot packs and the application of an Elizabethan collar is recommended to prevent further self-inflicted trauma. Areas of dehiscence can be allowed to heal by second intention and a short course of antibiotics can be prescribed. To help prevent this occurrence, the initial skin incision should not extend caudally into the sensitive scrotal skin. Tissues should be handled gently and the skin sutures should be tied adequately, but loosely.
Also, there are non-surgical methods. Injecting Neutersol into dog’s testicles is one of the methods. It is pain-free for dog. This non-surgical method will not affect dog aggressive behavior, also there is a risk of disease processes promoted by testosterone, e.g. Prostatic diseases and testicular or perianal tumors.
Spaying – The Girls will no longer come into Heat – No More Litters
Surgical removal of ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus (Ovariohysterectomy)
Ovariohysterectomy is a very commonly performed sterilization method in female dogs. Other indications include ovarian cysts, ovarian or uterine neoplasia, pyometra, uterine torsion, uterine prolapse, and uterine rupture. Ovariohysterectomy also is indicated in the prevention of vaginal hyperplasia, and is performed in animals with diabetes or seizures, in with hormonal changes may interfere with medical management.
Hemorrhage is the most common cause of death following Ovariohysterectomy. Bleeding may be recognized during surgery or hemoperitoneum may develop in the immediate postoperative period. If the hemorrhage cannot be controlled by conservative therapy, the patient should be stabilized as far as possible and an exploratory celiotomy performed. Ovariohysterectomy should be avoided during estrus, due to the increased vascularity of the genital tract, and particular care should be taken in patients with coagulopathies.
Why do you need to Neuter, Spay your Bichon Frise?
*Maintain good health and happiness of your dog- Castration uses for, treatment of testicular neoplasia, orchitis, testicular torsion or cryptorchidism. Spaying uses for, prevention of vaginal hyperplasia, reduce to risk of breast cancer and uterine infections. Please Check out links to better understand some of the Health Conditions that would lead you to need for these procedures.
Prevent aggressive and territorial behaviors
* To maintain the nice body shape of your dog.
* To prevent unwanted pregnancy.
When do you need to Neuter, Spay your Bichon Frise?
Veterinary surgeons typically suggest neutering your male Bichon Frise between 4 and 9 months. But there is no accuracy age for neuter your female Bichon Frise, Usually, it is done before the first heat of female dog.
After the Surgery – How to take for your Bichon Frise for the quickest recovery. Please take note of the Elizabethan collar, E-Collar – They are very Cheap to Purchase – $10 – $20 would cover it. You might want to buy prior to surgery. We used these Collars very often for surgeries, or if the pup got Hot Spots, etc.
*COMPLICATIONS in Small Animal SURGERY (ALAN J. LIPOWITZ, DENNIS D. CAYWOOD, CHARLES D. NEWTON, ANTHONY SCHWARTZ)
*The complete book of DOGS (YVONNE REES)
*Comparative Reproductive Biology (HEIDE SCHATTEN and GHEORGHE M. CONSTANTINESCU)